This tutorial will help you install and configure an OpenVPN server on CentOS 7.2 x64 with certificate authentication. This will also help you setup the OpenVPN client on your Windows, Linux or MAC.
We will need the following to be able to successfully setup an OpenVPN server:
- A CentOS 7.2 x64 VPS server
- Root Access to the server
- An SSH client (You can download Putty or Bitvise depends on your operating system and liking)
When you have all this ingredients we can now start setting up our OpenVPN Server. Please follow the guide carefully, remember, you can always copy and paste the commands below for ease of installation and configuration.
First, Update your CentOS distribution:
Then we will install the EPEL Repo. The EPEL Repo is an open source and community based repository of the Fedora Team which provides 100% quality add-on software packages.
yum install epel-release
We will now install OpenVPN and Easy-RSA package. The Easy-RSA package is provided so we can have an easier way of generating certificates.
yum install openvpn easy-rsa
We will need to create a folder so we can store the keys and certificates that we will generate later.
mkdir -p /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys
Next, we will copy the certificate generation scripts from their default location to our OpenVPN folder.
cp -rf /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/* /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa
We will go to the easy-rsa directory and source the variables.
Then we will clean all the existing keys & certificates (if any) and generate the new certificate authority.
When building the certificate authority we will be asked for different information such as the country, organization and department. You can fill in your information or to leave it as it is you can just press enter.
The next thing we will generate are the keys and certificates for the OpenVPN server. You will be again asked the same questions as the above command which you can fill in or ignore by just pressing the enter key. From the below command, we will create the keys and certificates with the filename of server. After entering your information, you will be asked to Sign the Certificate, press "y" to approve.
We will also need to create a Diffie-Hellman file. Creation of this file will depends on the length of the key. For this default we will use 2048 bit key but you can always change it by editing the vars file in the easy-rsa folder. Key generation may take a minute or two.
Since this guide is all about OpenVPN authentication using client certificate we will also need to generate a certificate for our client. Without this certificate, our client will not be able to login to the OpenVPN server. Always remember to keep this client certificate safe with you at all times, you should never distribute your own certificate to others. If you want others to use your OpenVPN server you should create a client certificate for them by following the below command. For this guide we will create a certificate for "John".
john.key will be the filename of the client key & certificate.
For the above commands we will have the following keys and certificates in the folder /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys
server.key server.crt john.key john.crt ca.crt ca.key dh2048.pem
You will need to download john.key, john.crt and ca.crt for use by the OpenVPN client.
We will now configure the OpenVPN server. First, create a configuration file named server.conf
Then we will fill up the file using the below basic configuration details. For more information on the configuration please see man openvpn.
port 443 proto tcp dev tun server 10.11.0.0 255.255.255.0 ca /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys/ca.crt cert /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys/server.crt key /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys/server.key dh /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/keys/dh2048.pem persist-key persist-tun keepalive 10 60 reneg-sec 0 comp-lzo tun-mtu 1468 tun-mtu-extra 32 mssfix 1400 push "persist-key" push "persist-tun" push "redirect-gateway def1" push "dhcp-option DNS 22.214.171.124" push "dhcp-option DNS 126.96.36.199" status /etc/openvpn/443.log verb 3
Save the file and exit.
Next we need to run and enable OpenVPN on startup.
systemctl start firstname.lastname@example.org
systemctl -f enable email@example.com
We will need to enter some iptable rules to enable internet on the client machine. Just change
$serverip to your server's IP address.
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.11.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $serverip
Nest, edit systctl.conf to enable packet forwarding. Open the file
/etc/sysctl.conf and add the line.
then enable it by
Now that our OpenVPN Server is finished we will now try connecting clients to the server.
Remember the above instructions when I told you to copy:
john.key john.crt ca.crt
We will need this files to successfully connect to our openvpn server. Put these 3 files with the .ovpn file we will create below in the same folder.
Copy the below configuration and save it as client.ovpn. Note the
$serverip is the ip address of your openvpn server.
client remote $serverip 443 proto tcp resolv-retry infinite route-delay 2 pull comp-lzo yes dev tun nobind ca ca.crt cert john.crt key john.key
Download the windows installer from openvpn, install it, run as admin then copy the 4 files (client.ovpn, ca.crt, john.crt & john.key) to the
/Program Files/OpenVPN/config folder.
In the system tray right click on the OpenVPN icon and click Connect.
Install OpenVPN from your distributions official repository then run OpenVPN by executing:
sudo openvpn --config ~/path/to/client.ovpn
For MAC, there is an application you can download called Tunnelblick. You should install it and run, make sure that the 4 files required are in the same folder. While in tunnelblick look for your .ovpn file and click on it to install. To connect, just select the configuration name and click "Connect" .
There you go! Now we have a working OpenVPN installation on CentOS 7.2 using certificate authentication.
Don't forget to put your comments if you succeeded using this guide.
As always we thank you!