Virtual VDS/VPS Based on Windows Server 2012
Among the various innovations which the world of VPS hosting has experienced is the Windows Server 2012. In it, you can find everything you or your business need for virtualization in general, remote administration, access and information protection, or any other thing relating to the cloud, and web hosting in general. The Operating System provides users with a multiplayer data center that assists in deploying its services. The Windows Server runs by the operations of many very large data centers, and provides opportunities to any company in the world, no matter what size.
Over the years, they’ve been many different versions, with each one and upgrade to its predecessor. The Windows Server 2008, released not too long ago was quite impressive as it carried out its provision of web services with only a few issues. The release of Windows 2012 has brought a massive update and fill out the few issues its predecessor had. It makes use of hundreds of new upgrades – including areas in networking, storage, usability, and virtualization in general. These upgrades now allow you to work and improve your experience of web hosting while reducing cost to increase affordability. With a virtual VDS/VPS Based on Windows Server 2012 you get many innovations, among which includes the following:
- The new version has implemented a new policy management IP address management.
- The implementation of many changes in Active Directory. Among these changes in the Active Directory includes the introduction of a graphical interface into its recycle bin, more complex password policies, simplification of transitions, elimination of downloading Federation Services as a must.
- Introduced a new file system known as the Resilient File System (ReFS). This update in particular makes use of a huge number of improvements to ensure maximum reliability. It can support up to 106 TB of file size, 1012 TB volume space, 64-bit wide file specs, and 32 KB text limit for files and folder names.
- Introduction of a new version of internet information services (IIS 8.5). This also comes with some important properties such as an extension of the TLS protocol known as SNI, more centralized management of SSL certificates, etc.
- The update has made available better storage spaces, which were inherited from the Logical Disk Manager (LDM). This permits the organization of hard disks with the use of logical structure. This means that many hard drives of different sizes can be connected into a single pool, and controlled with PowerShell commands.
- Editing of security information in areas such as access control, BitLocker, Applocker, and many more.
VPS With Windows Server 2012 Troubleshoot
Due to our individual experiences, we can say without doubt that it can be very frustrating when our Windows server starts to suffer from problems, most especially those connected to speed. This can badly affect all the activities we do with it. Also, this is something any previous user of Windows Servers can attest to. Almost every of its user must have been through it at some point.
Microsoft Windows servers normally tend to slow down after a while. This annoying issue of slowing down can be caused by many factors. Below are some of the major factors which cause it.
- Too much usage of RAM
While using your Task Manager, it shows your memory usage. Any memory usage below 90% should be okay for you. If however, it goes above 90%, it will surely have a negative effect on your server’s normal working speed. As a solution, you will have to free up some memory space. You can do this by different means, such as closing some applications, not in use, or getting and adding more memory. One of the aforementioned should be of help. Otherwise, the problem could be coming from a different factor.
- Over usage of CPU
This factor generally affects how smooth your server will operate. It can be experienced whenever your processor is affected by a sudden increase especially when you overuse your CPU, leading to the halting of your system, or even damaging it in the worst-case scenario. This is caused by a lot of things, the main cause being running too many heavy applications at the same time. It can also be caused by a virus attack. In fact, anything that sucks up most or all of the available CPU resources and results in spikes can be problematic and associated with this problem.
The best way to tackle this is to ensure you check out the processes currently loading on the CPU. With Windows Server 2012, you can control the tasks which are running and terminate the ones not in use at the moment to save the CPU.
There are sometimes when some applications suddenly begin to generate Error Logs at regular intervals which continues each time you want to use that application. This has a significant contribution to slowing down the server. If you experience something like this, then you should run a check-up. You could also turnoff or stop the entire error log generation temporarily, and it will solve the problem but only temporarily.
- High Disk I/O
This is yet another thing that can affect your server and reduce it’s performance. It is also one that seriously affects the entire server at last. How this works is by the read and write operations done by your server disk going high. When this happens, it makes your system to create a queue and starts executing your tasks one after the other. This leads to the consumption of a lot of resources, causing a performance bottleneck. There are actually several causes of this problem. The most frequent is available memory - how much cache is used, amount of bandwidth you have, network speed, the processor that is being used. If you ever encounter a problem, you should check the above mentioned and there is a good possibility the cause will be among them. Although this problem is quite common in Windows Server 2008, the upgrade in Windows Server 2012 has reduced this considerably.
- High Utilization of Network
This is visible when the amount of traffic on your network and its activity is at its limit and is not coming down. This causes your server to experience a massive reduction in its performance. If for example, any component is to start using more than 80% of your network capacity, it will definitely have a huge effect on your server's normal working performance.
The Windows Server 2012 comes with many tools with which you can point out the specific part or application that is seriously consuming your network resources. After identification, it can then be easily fixed to improve your server’s performance.
Another thing that affects how well your server can operate, and which you should have at the back of your mind is to avoid carrying out backups only during when you’re not carrying out other operations. This is so that increased business activities doesn’t crash into your backup session, causing a poor server performance.
If you closely observe, you can note that all the aforementioned features are components of hardware that you can modify to improve the server’s general performance, and the fourth is seen as the gateway to that your network.
Also, you should have in mind that some processes normally require a significant amount of bandwidth. Processes such as Data backups, teleconferencing, and virus scanners can cause the slow down of other works. Disabling or making less use of all these can go a long way in helping the performance of your server.
10 Effective Ways To Secure Your Windows Server or VPS
If you are the type who desires more control over your server, and you don't want to have to pay too much to enjoy this, then VPS hosting is your best bet. However, you can agree that something else everyone will first want to consider after the price, is the security of the server. This is why it is very important to learn adequate steps to carry out so as to secure your Windows server or VPS. Below are 10 effective ways to do just that:
1. Ensure to install only OS components which your activities will make do with.
Windows will usually attempt to install full versions and everything connected to with OS. That’s how it has been designed. However, you should go for very little custom install and be sure what you install is the only thing you really need. Components that you do not require should be ignored. This helps in minimizing attacks suffered and reduced the number of patches and updates that are required for maintenance.
2. One of your priority should be that the Admin account should always be sell secured.
In Windows, as most have seen it, the Administrator is seen as the default superuser account. This account is very useful as almost all attacks are focused on it.
The Administrator account is not like others, account lockout policy is not effective on it in any way. If you want to keep it secured, the best you can do is to change the username “administrator” to something else so that it is not too easy for just anyone or anything to find. Also, you should use a very strong and extremely difficult password, preferably choose mixed case, numbers, and/or special characters. Make sure it is easy for you to remember and do not save it in any other place which is insecure.
3. Make sure User Account Policies are Well Setup
If your account is one that is used by more than one user, it is best that User Account policies are well setup. Make sure you do not allow usage of passwords left blank, ensure you enforce the right number of password characters and their complexity, and make use of the lockout policy. As extra, make sure you do not accept the use of passwords which use reversible encryption, ensure that session timeout when there is inactivity is forced, and make use of the two-factor authentication.
4 Improve your security by employing the principle of Least Privilege.
Always avoid any security problems due to poor management of access rights. Also, you should ensure the minimum rights required by users to carry out their duties, especially those on the OS partition. It is also very important that you set up a Group Policy or Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) component to make specifications on access restrictions in accordance with your requirements.
5. Disable all unneeded network ports and services.
Make the network ports that are enabled are only those very useful to the OS and other installed components. Then, you should check for the ports left and disable or close them. Next, run a port scan on the entire system to make sure that even all the non-functional parts are well connected. Finally, disable all network services, not in use. These services are the likes of Bluetooth, WiFi, etc. And unwanted access can be prevented by this.
6. Enable Windows Firewalls and Antiviruses
Make use of the Windows Firewall to fish out network traffic that you do not trust. Although the firewall can be quite too complex to understand at first, it is vital that you never disable it. It is also highly recommended that you install a trusted antivirus to help detect and clear out viruses and malware.
7. Utilize the Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption.
With this, the booting process of the OS is secured. Also, unauthorized data mining is well checked. The BitLocker Drive Encryption remains operational at all time, even during server power off. This makes it very effective as an anti-hacking tool.
8. Ensure you secure the Remote Desktop (RDP)
The RDP is one component to which hackers frequently gain access. Therefore, you must prevent unauthorized access, simply by ensuring the default number of the RDP port is changed to something really difficult. If the IP address you are connecting with is dedicated, then you can lock down lock down RDP access to only that particular IP address. This can be done with the Advanced Windows Firewall Options.
9. Make use of Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA)
This application comes free and is used mainly to fish out security updates and settings which are missing or vulnerable within your Windows environment. It provides detailed information on vulnerable components and suggests possible measures to secure the server better as well.
10. Always Keep the Windows updated
Finally, ensure you keep Windows updated. This is as easy as allowing the system to download and apply updates automatically.