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Installing Jenkins on your Centos 7.4 VPS server

TAGS:
  • jenkins
  • java
  • centos

Introduction

We live in the world of fast-paced development, delivery and automation. Continious Integration and Continious Delivery became a huge part of modern development process, and Jenkins is often implemented as the automated server solution. It is a fork of popular Hudson project, is Java based, used by many companies, and you can use it for different purposes: run tests for your software, triggering on specific commit, build new versions of your software, perform a lot of different automated processes. I am going to describe how to setup Jenkins on your Centos 7.4 VPS server, so you can use it for your experiments, learn how to use it, and possibly use in your projects.

Prerequsites

1) Centos 7.4 VPS server

2) Basic skills to edit files in Linux systems, install/remove packages and manipulate services

Install Java

yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk

After installation check that java is properly added to environment variables and accessible to system

which java
java -help

You should see that java is available ( java -help output is truncated to space screen space ) jenk1 2) Setup JAVA_* variables for your environment run

readlink /etc/alternatives/java ls -l and locate the jvm dir jenk2 Now, when we now where jvm dir, let's set a couple of important JAVA_ variables:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk
export JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre
echo JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk >> /etc/environment
echo JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre >> /etc/environment

check that variables are added OK:

echo $JRE_HOME
echo $JAVA_HOME

jenk4

Install Jenkins

The best way of obtaining Jenkins is getting it from official upstream repositories. Download the official jenkins repo file and check that it is added without any problems

wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/jenkins.repo http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat-stable/jenkins.repo
yum repolist

jenk5 install jenkins repository public key

rpm --import http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat-stable/jenkins-ci.org.key

install jenkins package

yum install jenkins

After succesfull installation of Jenkins package, start the process and check that there are no problems with it

systemctl start jenkins
systemctl status jenkins

enter image description here Great! Now you have Jenkins installed. Let's prepare it a bit for work.

Initial Jenkins setup

By default Jenkins is available on port 8080. Open browser, and open your Jenkins web interface by printing into address tab your VPS ip with added 8080 port, <your vps ip>:8080, for example 192.168.1.1:8080 You should see the following picture: jenk7

On your VPS server run cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword copy the result and paste it into Jenkins web interface. You'll see that Jenkins offers you to install suggested plugins or selecting the list of plugins. jenk7

If you are new to Jenkins, you'd better choose the suggested list. After the installation process, you will be dropped to Jenkins web-interface with a prompt to create you admin user, please fill it with actual data and press

continue as admin

jenk8

You'll be dropped to Jenkins main menu, and now you can start experimenting with your new Jenkins instance! jenk9

Conclusion

Now you know how to setup your own Jenkins instance. It is a very powerful tool, that you can use for different purposes. You already have a few workers setup, so you can immediately start running some tasks. It has a user friendly web interface, a lot of documentation, and good perfomance. Do not forget to check plugin list to see what features you may add to your already deployed instance.

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