We live in the world of fast-paced development, delivery and automation. Continious Integration and Continious Delivery became a huge part of modern development process, and Jenkins is often implemented as the automated server solution. It is a fork of popular Hudson project, is Java based, used by many companies, and you can use it for different purposes: run tests for your software, triggering on specific commit, build new versions of your software, perform a lot of different automated processes. I am going to describe how to setup Jenkins on your Centos 7.4 VPS server, so you can use it for your experiments, learn how to use it, and possibly use in your projects.
1) Centos 7.4 VPS server
2) Basic skills to edit files in Linux systems, install/remove packages and manipulate services
yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk
After installation check that java is properly added to environment variables and accessible to system
which java java -help
You should see that java is available ( java -help output is truncated to space screen space ) 2) Setup JAVA_* variables for your environment run
and locate the jvm dir
Now, when we now where jvm dir, let's set a couple of important JAVA_ variables:
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk export JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre echo JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk >> /etc/environment echo JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre >> /etc/environment
check that variables are added OK:
echo $JRE_HOME echo $JAVA_HOME
The best way of obtaining Jenkins is getting it from official upstream repositories. Download the official jenkins repo file and check that it is added without any problems
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/jenkins.repo http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat-stable/jenkins.repo yum repolist
install jenkins repository public key
rpm --import http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat-stable/jenkins-ci.org.key
install jenkins package
yum install jenkins
After succesfull installation of Jenkins package, start the process and check that there are no problems with it
systemctl start jenkins systemctl status jenkins
Great! Now you have Jenkins installed. Let's prepare it a bit for work.
By default Jenkins is available on port 8080. Open browser, and open your Jenkins web interface by printing into address tab your VPS ip with added 8080 port, :8080, for example 192.168.1.1:8080 You should see the following picture:
On your VPS server run
copy the result and paste it into Jenkins web interface. You'll see that Jenkins offers you to install suggested plugins or selecting the list of plugins.
If you are new to Jenkins, you'd better choose the suggested list. After the installation process, you will be dropped to Jenkins web-interface with a prompt to create you admin user, please fill it with actual data and press
continue as admin
You'll be dropped to Jenkins main menu, and now you can start experimenting with your new Jenkins instance!
Now you know how to setup your own Jenkins instance. It is a very powerful tool, that you can use for different purposes. You already have a few workers setup, so you can immediately start running some tasks. It has a user friendly web interface, a lot of documentation, and good perfomance. Do not forget to check plugin list to see what features you may add to your already deployed instance.