DDOS is the short form of distributed denial of service. It is another form of distributed network attack that uniquely overwhelms the specific capacity limits applicable to any network resources. Furthermore, it is one method that criminals have taken advantage of as it allows them to flood a network with so much traffic than usual; however, this traffic is fake traffics.

This way, the network stops to function or communicate as it usually should. Furthermore, this kind of malfunction is easy to instigate as all you will need is two devices that can coordinate to send fake traffic to any server or website. What is, however, difficult is tracing a DDOS attack. Interestingly, a DDOS attack is illegal and could cost you up to ten years imprisonment as well as up to $500000 fine.

Does VPS Protect Against DDOS Attack?

A VPN aims to channel your internet traffic through an encrypted pathway to external servers that have the propensity to conceal your IP address. Hence, once your IP address is shielded via the use of a VPN, your internet connection becomes automatically protected from any form of a DDOS attack, whether authorized attacks or non-authorized attacks.

Furthermore, what a VPN does is hide your IP address from criminals; however, unless the VPN of your internet traffic is channeled through is a strong one, there is the probability that a DDOS attack may be sent to your new IP address. There is no doubt that we live in a digital world where almost all activities are now internet-centered, ranging from business to education and from immigration to even hospitality. Hence, we now use the internet to work, learn, and play games, which is undoubtedly why we all spend lots of time on the internet.

Again, the increase in internet use has increased cybercrime as more persons are looking for means to earn money off the internet, whether in a right or wrong way. Furthermore, the increase in internet use has also increased VPN use to protect both websites and servers from malicious attacks. However, only a few people understand how a VPN is used to protect servers from attacks.

DDOS refers to the Distributed Denial Service. It occurs when a system or a server crashes after being targeted by multiple methods that flood it with fake traffic to overwhelm its bandwidth—thus making the use of VPN protection vital if you want to avoid a DDOS attack.

Furthermore, it is not just enough to know about a DDOS attack. It is equally important to understand how it functions. DDOS aims to flood a particular server or website with fake traffics, thereby inundating the targeted website with more traffic than it can accommodate.

However, the aim is to make the targeted website or server inoperable. This it does by making the website temporarily or permanently unavailable to its proposed users.

Can a DDOS Attack be traced?

There isn’t a straightforward answer to the question above; however, experience has shown over time that it can only be traced up to a certain level and that largely depends on the method or methods employed. Furthermore, experience has also shown that when a system is targeted by a DDOS attack, the IP address mostly detected usually belongs to the victim and unusually that of the attacker.

Thus, Denial of service attack has become even more difficult to trace than ever as the attackers have ultimately found ways to disguise. Hence, tracing a DDOS attack can be an uphill task, and instead of tracing the source of the attack, many victims of the spell will instead opt to revitalize their website than trace the origin of their website’s attack.

Hence the question often asked by people, both victims, and non-victims, is how we can detect the attacker’s IP address? To answer this question, we must first realize that two techniques can be employed to control bots (bots is an independent program on the internet that can interact with systems or users). For every method employed by attackers, other techniques can be used to detect the IP address of the attacker.

Botnets work like Trojans and are well suited with a client-side and a server-side, and the attacker uses the client-side to create his botnet, which enables him to control bots. Furthermore, a botnet is a file that the hacker or attacker injects Into the victim’s computer. However, two steps can be employed to trace this kind of DDOS attack

  • Collect the IP address of the bots that trigger the DDOS attack and try as much as is possible to catch the machine that contains the bot.
  • Carry out a forensic analysis on the detected device that the attacker is connected to; with this, one can easily trace the attacker or hacker's IP address.

Painfully, even government websites have been attacked in recent time, and studies have shown that it is even more difficult to trace a DDOS attack because of the techniques the attackers employ as they employ the use of a botnet; hence, instead of showing the IP address of the attackers, that of the victim is what is seen.

What is DDOS Attack?

A DDOS attack is the mischievous attempt to disturb normal web traffic to cause a malfunction that has the propensity to stop a network from operating or communicating as it should. Furthermore, it can be simply termed as the attack on targeted servers or websites with the intention to overwhelm them with fake traffic.

How to Mitigate DDOS Attack

A properly executed DDOS mitigation goes a long way to keep your website online during an attack. However, DDOS mitigation refers to the process whereby a website or a server is successfully protected from a DDOS attack. Furthermore, one can utilize some specially designed network tools to mitigate an incoming DDOS attack.

However, there are four basic stages of DDOS mitigation, and they are:

1. Detection

The first stage in detecting DDOS attacks lies entirely on the ability of a website to be able to distinguish an attack from the normally high volume of traffic that it may experience every day. There is the tendency that a new release, say musical videos or any trending videos may get a website swamped with legitimate visitors, and the last thing you would want to do is to stop visitors from viewing them.

Hence, the knowledge of common attack patterns, IP reputation, and previous data will undoubtedly help you carry out proper detection. Hence, with a standard attack system, you can easily detect an attack as studies have shown that the first five minutes of a DDOS attack is the most important and early detection will help to further mitigate the attack.

Another thing worthy of note is IP reputation, and this is only possible if you keep a tab of previous IP addresses that have visited your website. The previous data saved will help you to note all old IP addresses that have been visited in the past as well as to note the new IP addresses that may be visiting.

2. Response

Beyond identification, what response your server or website activates is equally important. However, in this stage, what is expected is that the DDOS protection service you employ responds swiftly to an identified incoming threat by cleverly sinking mischievous bots as well as engaging the rest of the traffic. However, you must embrace a network that has a high capacity to mitigate a DDOS.

3. Routing

The next stage in this procedure is routine. Suppose you have been able to cleverly route your website traffic with an effective DDOS mitigation service, then during an attack. In that case, it has the propensity to break the remaining traffic into manageable units, thus preventing a DDOS.

4. Adaptation:

A good mitigation service should be able to analyze traffic for patterns such as reiterating criminal IP blocks, identify specific attacks coming from certain countries as well as the precise procedure being used by the attacker.

Early threat detection is perhaps the most efficient way to stop a DDOS attack; hence, it is largely recommended by experts and one way to detect DDOS on time is to be prepared for DDOS attack even when there are no threats or signs of an attack.

Therefore, early detection, active response, routing, and adaptation are all methods that can be combined to mitigate a DDOS attack.

How to Choose DDOS Mitigation Service

Traditional DDOS mitigation service ultimately involves the purchase of remote equipment that will live on-site designed to screen incoming traffic. Hence, this method consists of the purchase and maintenance of remote but expensive equipment with a network that has the ability to mitigate DDOS attacks. However, before purchase, certain criteria must be assessed, and they are;

1. Scalability

An effective DDOS service should be able to adapt to the needs of websites and servers as well as be able to swiftly respond to the growing size and kinds of DDOS attacks. Experience has shown that there have been attacks much larger than two terabytes per second, and there are a handful of traditional DDOS mitigation services that can mitigate such attacks. Hence, before the purchase of such mitigation service equipment, you should evaluate their ability to adapt to scales of attacks.

2. Flexibility

Another ability of a DDOS mitigation service provider worthy of evaluation is its flexibility, and this is in their ability to adapt to incoming threats and attacks in real-time, as well as their abilities to apply page rules. Furthermore, every change implemented must be populated across the entire network as this has the propensity to keep websites online during DDOS attacks.

3. Reliability

Just like the life protectors in our cars, DDOS mitigation or protection is only needed when we have needs for them, and it is important that they do not malfunction when we have needs for them. Hence, the reliability of the DDOs solution is uniquely critical to the outcome of any protection or mitigation strategy that may be employed.

Therefore, we must ensure that the DDOS mitigation service we employ functions 24 hours a day as well as on-site engineers that work equally 24 hours a day. Again, you must ensure that the service has high uptime as well as the propensity to stay online and identify threats for 24 hours every day.

4. Network size

DDOS attacks have patterns that ensue concurrently across the internet; however, what changes over time is the particular protocol used as well as the attack vector employed. However, large systems with far-reaching data transfer make mitigation easier and much successful than usual. It allows the mitigation service to respond to threats on time and efficiently as well, thus, stopping DDOS attacks even before they occur.

Conclusion

Research carried out has shown that there are just a few DDOS attacks that occur; however, they can be very deadly when they occur, thus leading to the collapse of targeted websites and servers. Again, tracing the DDOS attack source is such a herculean task that the thought of the procedure could discourage you from trying.

Hence, preventing a DDOS attack is much better than trying to trace the sources; however, we have shown you characteristics that must be evaluated before choosing a DDOS mitigation server. They are reliable methods of stopping a DDOS attack in its track even before it occurs.

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