There are three major options for website owners to host their sites. The choice between these three depends on many factors. These factors include the kind of site you are hosting, the expected monthly traffic, the required disk space and memory, sensitivity of the data on your site, and your budget. Based on these factors, a website can be hosted on a dedicated server, a shared server, or a virtual private server. While a shared server is the cheapest, it is also the option that has the greatest disadvantages, and experience problems most frequently. A dedicated server that has the best features is too expensive for many website owners. This leaves us with the third option which appears to be the most cost-effective. The virtual private server, commonly abbreviated as VPS.
What is VPS and How Do You Use it?
A VPS is a kind of shared server in which many virtual servers are generated on a physical server. Each of the virtual servers is isolated from the rest and allocated its separate resources. Its activities also do not affect the performance of its neighbor. Hence each one acts as a separate unit. Each of the websites hosted on the physical server is allocated a virtual server. Therefore all the websites hosted on the server share the same physical server but separate virtual server.
After a physical server is set up, the service providers use a software called a hypervisor to virtualize the physical server. This means, the resources on the physical server, like the CPU, and the memory are reproduced in a virtual form on the physical server. These virtual servers are called virtual machines. Several virtual machines can be produced on one physical server. Each virtual machine has its resources, isolated from others, and works independently of others. The virtual machines form the VPS used for hosting websites.
If you host your website on VPS, you will enjoy most of the benefits of a dedicated server. You can configure your server the way you like, run software of your choice on it, set up a firewall, and put additional protection. Because the activities on VPS are private, you can confidently store sensitive information on your website. Your website will also load fast, avoid downtime, and can be easily upgraded. So, how do you set up a VPS hosting?
VPS Hosting How to Set Up
Management of VPS is another major difference between VPS and shared server. If you host your website on a shared server, the server will be managed by the service provider because there are many users of the same server. However, VPS as well as dedicated servers can be managed by their owners. But you also have a choice to request the service provider to manage your server for you. In that case, you will be charged an additional fee. The first step in setting up your VPS hosting is to have a domain. If you do, you only need to purchase VPS hosting and link your domain name with it. But if you don’t have a domain yet, then first purchase a domain.
To purchase and register a domain name, you must choose your registrar. It is essential o buy from a reputable company for all the benefits of it. Then decide the name you want o give your website. A catchy name that will promote your service should be preferred. Check for the availability of your chosen name, or search for all available names in your niche and chose the one that most appeals to you, then pay for the domain and register it.
Once you have your domain name registered, then you can purchase a VPS hosting and link your domain name with it. It is also essential that you host your website with a reputable service provider. If you are hosting with us, you can enjoy 7 days of free trial without making any payment. There are many VPS plans you can purchase depending on the features you want for your website. But the standard plan will be ideal for many websites.
After purchasing your VPS plan and linking your domain name with it, then you will need to set it up and configure it to your taste.
Because VPS is private, you will be required to configure your server yourself and load the software of your choice. The process involves simple basic steps.
First, you must log in to your root account using the username and the password provided by the service provider. You will need Secure Shell Access (SSH) to log in. However, if you don’t have SSH, you can easily install it. Once you gain access to your root account, update the account, and reboot your server. However, running your server from your root account might be dangerous as any error from your part may cause severe damage to your server. Therefore it is advisable that you create a user account and give it all the privileges of a superuser. Then choose a password for your user account or enable a Public Key Authentication.
Now you can start configuring your VPS the way you like. You will need to set up a firewall, install operating software, antivirus, and other software you need for the effective performance of your website.
How Do I Upload Files to a VPS Server?
There are many ways to upload files to your virtual private server. The method you will use depend on whether you want to upload directly from your desktop to the server or through your website. The way to upload files to a Windows VPS will also be different from how files are uploaded to a Linux VPS. We will discuss three common ways to upload files to both Windows and Linux VPS
How to Upload Files to VPS Through the Web
The protocol may be different for different service providers, but it follows the same basic principle. The first thing is to log in to your site cPanel. Or go to your hosting account and click on cPanel. From the cPanel search for the File section. Depending on your service provider, you will see the tools you need to manage files usually under file manager. These will include functions like upload file, download file, edit file, and delete file. Click on the upload file and browse to the destination of the file you want to upload, select it, and upload on your VPS.
How to Upload Files to VPS Using FTP
If you have a bulk file to upload, it might be too slow to upload through the web file manager, rather, you can use specialized programs generally called File Transfer Protocol or simply FTP. Popular examples of FTP include WinSCP and File Zilla. The first step is to install the FTP program on your computer. Then create an FTP account on your server through the FTP manager on your cPanel. After that go to the host field of your FTP program and type in your domain name. you will be required to provide your FTP username and password. Once you enter the information correctly, click on “Quickconnect” and your server will be linked with your PC. Then you can start a quick transfer of files.
How to Upload File to VPS Directly From the PC
If you don’t want to install any program or log in to your cPanel, you can still upload files directly from your desktop to your server. The steps involved here will depend on whether your VPS is a Windows VPS or Linux VPS. The major difference between these two common types of VPS is that one uses the Windows Operating System and the other uses the Linux Operating System.
How to Upload File to a Window VPS
To upload a file directly from your PC to a window VPS follow the following steps:
- Click on “Start” in the “search programs and file” box type “mstsc” then enter. The “Remote Desktop Connection” box will be displayed.
- Then Click “Options > Resources > More”.
- Select Drives to access all the drives in your local computer or click on the [+] beside Drives and select the folder containing the file you want to upload and click OK.
- Click Hide Options, enter your server IP address and click Connect.
- Provide your username followed by your password
- You will see the selected drive on the desktop, just copy the file you want to upload and paste it to the server.
How to Upload File to Linux VPS
- Click win + R to open Run from a window based computer
- Type “cmd” followed by “Enter”
- Type the “cd file path” (do not type file path, rather, the name of the file path. e.g “cd document”, “cd desktop”).
- Then type “SCP filename.extension username@server_address:file/path”
(replace each of the words with the appropriate name)
How Do I convert a VPS to A Dedicated Server?
Despite all the benefits of VPS, its performance is still below that of a dedicated server. VPS resource allocation cannot match that of a dedicated server. Based on this, if there is high traffic, although VPS will perform better than a shared server, it will still be slower than a dedicated server. The only major advantage that a VPS hosting has over a dedicated server is the cost. VPS hosting is far cheaper than a dedicated server.
Therefore, as your business grows and you have more site visitors, you may be thinking of moving from VPS to a dedicated server. To do this, you need to inform your service provider of your intention to move and provide them with all information. The migration will be done by the service provider. Once it is done you will be notified. You will also be notified of the change in your IP address and your new address. Then you can start enjoying a dedicated server.
You Can Try VPS for Free for 7 Days
If you are not sure whether VPS hosting is the best for your website, you can take advantage of our free trial to find out. We offer a free 7-days trial for VPS hosting. You don’t have to enter your credit card or make any deposit. Just click on begin 7 days trial and register your website with us. After 7 days you may decide to purchase a plan that is ideal for you or cancel your subscription.
Virtual private server hosting combines the benefits of a dedicated server with the cheap cost of a shared server. Hence website owners using this server can enjoy huge advantages at a low cost. If you host your website on VPS, you can customize your server, install software of your choice, and set your firewall. You can also choose to manage your server all by yourself or pay the service provider to manage it for you.Whether you manage your server yourself or you purchased a managed plan, you will still have to set up your account and upload files to your website yourself. However, there are many ways to do this and they are easy ways. You can upload files to your VPS from your cPanel, through file transfer protocol, or using a remote desktop connection directly from your PC.