How to rename a local and remote branch in git? – A Quick Guide
If you have an idea of using the branch at a later time means you should save the branch with a specified name. When you are saving the branch, sometimes you may accidentally save the branch with a misspelled name, wrong name, or wrong places. For that causes you should rename that local git branch to the right name and place. These are the common incident so do not feel for that. It is simple work that is made when you are working on the git branch. Let’s learn about what is branching in git, create a new branch, switching between different branches, deleting branches or branch, steps to merge branches, how to manage the branches before entering into the renaming process.
You can rename the remote git branch following three easy and simple steps. But there are no possible ways to rename a remote branch directly. Here you can discover the simple steps with command to replace the name of the branch. Before starting the process of renaming the local branch make sure the name of the branch. If you want to rename the local branch means you should follow this step to make it easier. Then delete the old branch using git push origin delete old name before adding the new one. Add the new branch using git push origin old name new name. You just only change the name by using commands. There is no menu’s available for replacing the remote git branch name. For resetting your old branch for the new local branch use the command. This is the simple process of renaming the local and remote git branches.
What are the important things to know about the git branch?
If you and your team are good with committed work there is a chance to get bonus info about why a change was made and when. The git is known as a distributed tool. It offers many possibilities for collaborators, best information, as well as providing effective ways of working with branches. A branch in a git is simply denoted as a pointer to a commit. In a git, branches are created in the tree view or hierarchical view. Both the types are the same in the structure but the way of commit applies is different. Here you can discover the flow of the branches in git. If you want to know how a branch is represented in the git directory or how the branch flow is committed, you will find a text file with the same name as a branch. This branch will contain the commit identifier of the current or newest commit on that branch. The branch itself is created by tracking the ancestry of that single commit. Each commit knows the flow of the branch, which means each commit will aware of which commit is occurred after.
Steps to create a new branch
Branches are used to make your opinion and workflow in the right line. Branching is used to protecting you from diverging from the mainline of development or work and continue to do work without any mess with the mainline or workflow. Most of the project development processes are containing these branching strategies to complete their work in a good way. Once you are creating the branches for your development or work, it will help to reduce the time to developing, testing, preventing problems and mess. Gits branching is a tremendous advantage for most of the people who are in the developing as well as all kinds of work. It is referred to as a killer feature because the git branch is incredibly lightweight, making or creating a branch is very simple, and also the operations done on the branch are very easy. Switching or navigating back and forth between the branches is faster.
A git branch is simply lightweight and easy to access. It will have the movable pointer to one of the commits. There is one default branch is available in git that will be named as master. Once you start to make the commits, you should give a master branch that points to the last commit. The master branch will be the starting point for all the commits. Every time you commit the master branch pointer will move step by step automatically. You can use the command to create a new branch in git. Use the branch name followed by the git branch. This command will create a new pointer to the same commit you are currently active or on. You may interest to know the current working branch of the git. There is a special option that is applicable for you to find the currently active branch in git. The head is known as a special pointer which helps you to point the local branch which you are currently on.
How to switch over the branches?
If you want to switch to an existing branch the git checkout with the existing branch name will help. This command will help to points the head to the existing branch. When you switch the pointer to the existing branch in git, files in your working directory will change. If you switch to an older branch, you’re working directory will be denoting the older one. It will show the last time you committed to that older branch. The working directory denotes the currently active directory once you switch it will show that branch. When you create and switch to a branch do some work on it and save again. And then switch or navigate back to your main branch and do the work in the main branch. Both of these changes are isolated in separate branches.
The options are easy and allow you to switch back and forth between the branches and merge them when you are ready to do. It will be done by using simple steps and commands such as branch, commits, and checkout. Now you can discover the step to creating a new branch and switching to it at the same time. If you need a copy of the data in one more branch means this will be the way to do. There are two ways available to create and switch the branch at the same time. The first one is to use a branch name followed by git checkout with b. In this command, b denotes the branch. The second step will have two commands to do it, which is to create the branch name followed by branch. In the second command give branch name followed by git checkout.
How to merge the branches in git?
There may a situation occurs to merge your two different branches. If you need to merge the branches first check out the branch you wish to merge into and then run the git merge command. The command to merge is git checkout master. Master denotes the starting point of the branch or desired branch. And then use the command git merge with branch name. Once you use this command both the master and other branches will be merged. The master branch is always applicable process of deploying. So, features must be finished and thoroughly tested before they are merged and executed. After the command is executed the new feature has been merged to the master. It is also known as the process of deploying the new code with the master. In some cases, you may create a wrong or unwanted branch. That will affect your development flow or it will create a mess.
If you want to delete the branch use the command called branch name followed by the git branch d. In this command, d denotes delete. If your work is merged in you have no need for that branch in other cases in the sense also you can delete it.
Set up and initialization process in git
Git is always known as the most widely used service control system in the world. It is free and open-source software, there is no licensing is needed to access the git. This git will help to track the changes in the working files of a user and coordinates the changes in those working files amongst multiple users. This will track all the information of the user, file, branch, directory, and development phases. Git init is a command which helps to initialize an existing directory as a git repository or helps to create the new git repository. If you want to create a copy of the working files or an existing repository use the git clone command. Git status command is used to display the state of the working directory for your next commit. You already know all the commits in the branch will aware of the other commit’s activity. If you know the work status of the working directory only you can decide the other commits.
Workflow of git branches
When you are knowing the beneficial aspects of the git branches you should aware of the git workflow. In the git workflow, there are three different parts are playing an important role which is working directory, index, head. The working directory is known as an actual working file, when you start creating a file it will be called as a working directory. Once you create the new file or directory it will be added to the index. For adding the actual directory or file in the staging area use git add command with the file name. The index is also called the staging area. If you want to access any file from the index you just commit the head. The head is the pointer that helps to denote the file, and coming will give the specified file which you are searching.
Pushing local changes to the remote repository
Sharing and updating is known as pushing local changes to a remote repository. Each branch from the master commit will be called by a specific name. every local repository will have a set of files called master and origin files. Origin and master are synced with each other for sharing and updating. Master us the latest version of the local file. The changes of the master file will be push to the remote repository. Finally, the origin and master are updated. Once you push the local files to the remote repository it will be available for others also. For making the remote repository use the git push origin command. If you have the same part of the same file in a different name in the two branches you can merge it. If you want to see eighter the files are merged after the merge command is called b using the git status. If you want to use a tool to merge two different files you can run the command git merge tool. This command will trigger the file to merge with the master file with the appropriate visual merge tool.
How to manage the git branch?These branch management tools will as the best way to use the branches all the time. The git branch command will help to list your current branches without using arguments. To display the list of branches which are already merged into the current or master branch run the git branch merged. When you are working with git branches it is necessary to know the steps to clean up the branches in git. Before cleaning up all the branches in the git check which branches have already been merged with your current branch. Make sure if you do not want those files and then delete all the files and branches from the git.
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