PHP Re-direct

PHP redirect

PHP redirect mechanism Can be employed to browse the user from 1 page into another without any links. This is likely to be useful in such a situation at which the redirect ought to be completed from the backdrop. By way of instance, once the consumer is obtaining a payment gateway, then the redirect should be obtained as a place to inform the URL using the PHP script.

PHP supplies Predefined purpose, called header(),for URL redirection. Employing this specific particular header () function, we have to ship location header by defining URL so that your page needs to be redirected.

Unlike Java Script Re-direct where you can find plenty of techniques to take care of URL divert Works dependent on the browser, PHP prevents such confusion and also possess header() Function create exactly a similar effect in every browser. For this just we have Reasoned with JavaScript redirect informative article that host side redirect is preferable.

PHP Redirect Syntax

Header ("Location: target-url");

From the preceding syntax of PHP divert, and we must displace a legal URL to which you would like to maneuver. We can define either an absolute URL or a relative URL with this specific location header. When we define relative URL, then it is going to hunt for your page inside our realm name we exist.

Note: Before establishing page URL for place Headerwe ought to make certain that the page exists.

Caution before Re-direct

Before implementing PHP Re-direct, we ought to be sure all on, no output signal is delivered to the browser until the point where we predict the header() function. By Way of Example,

echo "PHP Redirect";

Header ("Location:");

This script will Display the next warning note into the browser.

Warning: Could not alter Header information - headers already sent by (...

It's not just Applicable for header feature, preferably than most of your PHP functions such as set_cookie(), session_start(), etc. ), anything may alter the header. For this, we have to get rid of all articles that'll quit sending location header into the browser.

Potential Means of Preventing Allergic

HTML articles such as tags or text.

Un-necessary white distances until PHP delimiters.

PHP warning or error finds which occurs before calling divert.

PHP print announcements , for example, echo(), print().

The Fundamental Technique to get a PHP Redirect

Most manuals will inform you of the way to create a PHP divert you. Can only utilize the header() work on the very top of your pages. To do that, you are using the Event to ship a brand new URL, such as this:

Header ('Location: '. $newURL.php);

This header purpose Ought to Be placed until you move any HTML Or text into your own users' browsers, therefore it ought to be directly on the peak of the web page. Meaning it will come before the announcement, until any Java, also until any PHP code. It is going to subsequently send consumers to this new URL.

While It May seem easy, in Regards to the header() Feature, The ease of this code could lead programmers to some false feeling of security. Therefore let us look at how it is possible to take advantage of this work properly.

Die() and Exit ()

In the first step, you should use that the expire () or even exit() modifier Every single time you use a redirect. In conclusion, the issue is that spiders and crawlers can ignore headers so that the page you thought you're redirecting far from is completely available for them. In other words, put simply, you're employing a header redirect to safeguard a specific page, it supplies you with no security in any way.

That is why You Must stop processing another page, In the event, the redirection has been ignored. The Means to Do That's to append expire () or even departure () Following Your Re-direct:

Header ("Location: . $newURL.php");


Relative and Absolute URLs

Then let us discuss comparative and absolute URLs at Redirects. RFC 7231 lets you make use of both, however, you ought to be exceedingly careful when utilizing comparative redirects. That is because a few site builders caked and rename PHP pages. This usually means that if you're working in your PHP utilizing a site builder, then you might wind up breaking every one of your redirects.

Regrettably, at the moment there Isn't Any real way round This specific issue, lacking keeping a careful summary of where your thoughts are all still pointing.

Status Codes

The 3rd problem with steady PHP redirects is that PHP's "location" operator returns the HTTP 302 code. You ought not to permit it to achieve so, because most internet explorers execute this code in a means that's totally at odds with the manner it is likely to operate they essentially make use of the GET control rather than performing a"real" redirect.

The Very Best practice when constructing PHP Re-directs is so To define the code that's returned. Alas, the right code to make work with of is a place of contention. HTTP 301 indicates a permanent redirect, that could cause you difficulties with rebuilding your unique page. HTTP 303 is regrettably known as"additional" by lots of browsers and will cause issues with indexing your page through internet search engines.

Assess The Documentation

Beyond carrying the fundamental measures previously, you should take Some opportunity to learn the documentation using PHP redirects until you print them. You need to inspect the PHP manual to get certain you see what it is you're doing, in addition to checking the W3C documentation to make sure you are following a proper practice.

And if You're catching up in your reading, then be sure to Additionally protect a web site out of shared vulnerabilities: if you should be already At the place of needing to utilize PHP redirects, your site's Security will likely require an audit.

Other Techniques

Given these issues, you Are Most Likely wondering why you Would utilize a PHP divert in any way. That is a valid question. Though PHP redirects are normally implemented quicker than other kinds of diverting, and may, hence, be an essential tool in improving internet site rate, however, there are other alternatives out there.

There are two chief methods to do so. You can either Make use of the HTML part to divert from within the HTML section of your webpage, or utilize Java Script. The very first strategy -- utilizing would seem similar to that:

<meta HTTP-equiv="refresh" content="0;url=newpage.php">

The 2nd strategy -- utilizing Java Script -- is a Bit More Elegant and undoubtedly looks more professional:


These methods will do Somewhat slower compared to A direct header() divert, however, are arguably more elastic.

The Way You Can Redirect With PHP

Redirection lets you redirect the user browser to another URL. You can put it to use when you are switching domain names, changing the way your website is organized, or shifting to HTTPS.

In this Informative article, I will explain to you just how to redirect to a page using PHP. I'll explain how PHP works out work and explain to you exactly what goes on behind the scenes.

Just how Can Basic Re-direction Work?

Earlier we Dip into the particulars of PHP redirection, let us fast know the way HTTP redirection workout. Have a Good Look at the next diagram.

Let us know what's happening inside the above screenshot:

the customer browser asks for a particular page in the host. From the aforementioned mentioned instance, your client has asked for the contents of this index.php file.

The host gets the index.php document to ask and would like to share with your client it's now not available or transferred someplace else, plus it needs to check out some other document as an alternative: new_index.php. The host transmits the Location header using a fresh URL Together with the 301 or 302 HTTP code. All these would be the HTTP codes for redirection.

If your client browser experiences the 301 or 302 code, then it knows it has to initiate a second petition to some other URL to bring the material. It starts a petition to bring the new_index.php document in the aforementioned example. Finally, the host sends the contents of this new URL.

The Way Re-direction Works at PHP

Back in PHP, Once you would like to divert a user from 1 page into another page, then you have to make utilize of exactly the header() functionality. The header functionality permits one to send out a raw HTTP location header, and that plays with the particular redirection once we all discussed in the former section.

How to Utilize Header Function

Let us go Through the syntax of this header() functionality.

1.header( $header, $replace, $http_response_code )

$header: Here really is the HTTP header string you would like to utilize. In our instance, we will utilize the Location dashboard for redirection.

$replace: It is an optional parameter that indicates whether the header should replace a previous similar header.

$http_response_code: This lets you send a certain response code.

Now, let us take a peek at another example to know how it works together.







// index.php




After the Aforementioned script is implemented, it is going to divert your client browser into From the desktop computer, it transmits a raw HTTP Location header together side the 302 status code. Even the 302 status code is currently employed for temporary redirection, but when you'd like permanent redirection, then you can skip the 301 code at the 3rd debate, as exhibited in the next snippet.







// index.php

header("Location:", TRUE, 301);



The 301 Permanent redirect enables you to share with the search spiders your page is now not obtainable, and also it can be substituted with a brand fresh page.

Should you make use of the Die() or Exit() Function Following the Header Redirection?

Clients with Sharp eyes would've pointed out that I have utilized the departure () work from the above instance. In reality, it's compulsory that you utilize the departure () or also the expire () work right following the header redirection to prevent script implementation and prevent any unwanted outcomes.

Therefore it is Consistently advocated practice to make utilize of these purposes after redirection.

The Famed Error: Why Are Sent

If you are An expert PHP developer, I am confident that you've encountered this famed PHP mistake at any point in your daily PHP advancement. For newbies, however, encountering this mistake is very annoying, as it's quite difficult to fix and fix. Typically, they don't have even a hint it's brought on by the header redirection.

The principle Of thumb is that as soon as you make utilize of the header() work on your script, then you want to ensure you never ship some outcome signal before it. Otherwise, PHP will complain along that the"headers have been already sent" error. This could occur even if you've delivered one whitespace before using the header work.


In this Informative article, we discussed a few of the many vital facets of PHP programming: redirection. We moved through the Fundamentals of HTTP redirection, Then I Revealed how it works in PHP.

While after the measures above should imply that your PHP Re-directs implement firmly, if you're in the positioning of using multiple PHP redirects, it's probably time for you to rethink the arrangement of one's internet website.

There are two or three reasons to do this. The Very First Is that perhaps maybe not all web hosts have been created equal, of course, if you're sending each one your traffic to a circuitous route around your website, this really will change its performance. This may be improved to a level using a cheap hosting supplier, however merely to some degree.

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